Important Terms Must to Know Before Buying Health Insurance Plan

Important Terms Must to Know Before Buying Health Insurance Plan

Health insurance is a crucial investment in safeguarding one’s well-being. It provides financial protection against unexpected medical expenses. However, navigating the complex world of health insurance can be challenging, especially with the multitude of terms and jargon involved. To make an informed decision and choose a plan that aligns with the needs, it is essential to understand key terms associated with health insurance.

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The premium is the amount which is payable to the insurance company at regular intervals (monthly, quarterly, or annually) to maintain the health insurance coverage. Understanding the premium and its payment frequency is vital, as it directly affects the budget.


A deductible is the sum which must be paid out of the policyholder own pocket before the insurance coverage kicks in. Choosing a higher deductible frequently leads to lower premiums, However, it requires careful consideration of potential out-of-pocket expenses.

Copayment (Co-pay)

A co-payment is a fixed amount that is payable for certain medical services. This includes doctor visits or prescription medications, at the time of service. This is in addition to what the insurance plan covers.


Coinsurance is the percentage of costs for a covered healthcare service that must be paid after meeting the deductible. For example, if the coinsurance is 20%, the insured person would pay 20% of the covered expenses, and the insurance company would cover the remaining 80%.


The health insurance company establishes network with various healthcare providers. This includes doctors, clinics, hospitals, etc. The insurance company negotiates the rate with the healthcare providers. It helps the insured to obtain the medical treatment by showing the insurance card. An insured is not required to make any payments of the treatment. 

Out-of-Network Coverage

Knowing whether the plan provides coverage for services received from providers outside the network is essential. Out-of-network care may result in higher out-of-pocket expenses, so it is crucial to understand the extent of this coverage.

Pre-existing Conditions

Pre-existing conditions refer to health issues that an insured person had before enrolling in a health insurance plan. Some plans may have waiting periods or exclusions for pre-existing conditions, so it is important to understand how they are handled.

Waiting Period

Certain health insurance plans impose waiting periods before covering specific conditions or treatments. Understanding the waiting periods is crucial, especially for planned medical procedures.

Coverage Limits

Health insurance plans often have limits on specific services or treatments. This can include annual or lifetime limits on coverage for certain conditions. Being aware of these limits ensures that an insured person is not caught off guard when seeking extensive medical care.


Exclusions are specific conditions or treatments that are not covered by the insurance plan. Carefully reviewing the list of exclusions helps in understanding the limitations of the coverage.


Knowing whether the health insurance plan is renewable and the conditions for renewal is important for long-term planning. Some plans may have age restrictions or may not be renewable if an insured person develops certain health conditions.

Claim Process

Understanding the process of filing and settling claims is crucial. Familiarizing with the required documentation, timelines, and the efficiency of the insurance company’s claims department is important.

Lifetime Maximum

The lifetime maximum is the maximum amount the insurance company will pay for covered healthcare services throughout the lifetime. It is important to know this limit to avoid unexpected expenses.

Grace Period

The grace period is the extra time given to pay the premium after the due date without losing coverage. Being aware of the grace period prevents unexpected lapses in coverage.

Guaranteed Renewability

A plan with guaranteed renewability assures the right to renew the policy, often without undergoing a medical examination. This is crucial for maintaining coverage as they age and may face increased health risks.

Emergency Care

Understanding how the plan covers emergency medical care, including both in-network and out-of-network situations, is vital. Emergency care provisions can significantly impact the financial well-being in unforeseen circumstances.

Prescription Drug Coverage

If prescription medications are a significant part of the healthcare needs, carefully review the prescription drug coverage of the plan. This includes understanding the formulary, co-pays, and coverage for speciality drugs.

Maternity Coverage

For individuals or couples planning to start a family, maternity coverage is essential. Understanding the waiting periods, coverage limits, and the extent of maternity benefits helps in making informed decisions.

Preventive Services

Many health insurance plans cover preventive services at no additional cost. Understanding the range of preventive services and how they are covered can contribute to proactive healthcare management.

Health Savings Account (HSA) and Flexible Spending Account (FSA)

Some health insurance plans are compatible with HSA or FSA, which allows insured persons to set aside pre-tax money for qualified medical expenses. Understanding the benefits and limitations of these accounts can enhance the overall financial strategy.


In the complex world of health insurance, knowledge is power. Equipping with a thorough understanding of these essential terms ensures that the insurance buyer is not only choosing the right health insurance plan for their needs but also managing the healthcare costs effectively. As consumers embark on the journey of securing their health and financial well-being, remember that an informed consumer is an empowered one.

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Q1: What does "deductible" refer to in health insurance?

A: A deductible is the sum that must be paid by the policyholder before making the claim to the insurance company. For example, if the deductible is INR 10,000, the consumer will have to pay that amount before the insurance starts covering costs.

Q2: How do copayments and coinsurance work in health insurance?

A: Copayments are fixed amounts consumers pay for specific healthcare services, while coinsurance is a percentage of costs consumers share with the insurance company after meeting the deductible.

Q3: What does "network" mean in the context of health insurance?

A: A network is a list of doctors, hospitals, and other healthcare providers that have agreed to provide services at negotiated rates. It is beneficial for the policyholder to learn about the network hospital in order to lower down the out-of-pocket expenses. 

Q4: Are there limits to coverage, and what are they?

A: Some policies have limits on specific benefits, such as a maximum amount for a particular medical procedure or a yearly cap on certain expenses.

Q5: How are pre-existing conditions handled in health insurance policies?

A: Understand how the policy defines and covers pre-existing conditions, as some plans may have waiting periods or exclusions for certain pre-existing health issues.

Q6: What are common exclusions and limitations in health insurance policies?

A: Exclusions are specific conditions or treatments not covered by the policy. Limitations may include restrictions on the duration or frequency of coverage for certain services.

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